Every year, World Wind Energy Day is observed on 15 June. It is organized by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) and the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA). The Day is celebrated globally to spread awareness regarding Power and the potential of Wind Energy contains as clean renewable energy to modify our Energy system and boost growth and employment.
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World Wind Energy Day
Wind energy is the most important source of renewable energy. It is clean energy and never exhausting energy. Wind energy is the replacement of fossil energy for power generation. Using wind energy electricity generation is very environment friendly as it has no by-product and hence reduces air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions.
History Of World Wind Energy Day
In 2007, It is observed as Wind Day by European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) for the very first time. Later on, in 2007, European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) joined hands together and renamed Wind Day as Global Wind Day or World Wind Day. So World Wind Day is celebrated every year on 15th June to spread awareness of the power of wind energy.
Significance of World Wind Day
15 June is dedicated to celebrating World Wind Day to spread the knowledge of wind energy power and the possibilities to reshape our whole energy system. By using Wind energy the dependency on fossil fuels for power generation will be cut down significantly. The wind is the most sustainable source of clean renewable energy, it has no by-product and hence it does not contribute to the problem of global carbon emission. It is the most important source of energy that aids the world to meet the target of net-zero emissions. The method of power generation through wind energy rather than fossil fuel also caters to the problem of Global Warming up to some extent.
World Wind Energy Day 2023 Theme
The theme for World Wind Energy Day 2023 is “The Wind in Mind”
Events on World Wind Energy Day
On World Wind Day various Organisations and Communities organizes Conferences and Seminars to educate people about the power of wind energy, workshops for Turbine demonstration, Onshore and offshore wind farm visit by peoples, wind parade, etc are done to acknowledge the possibility of wind power to reshape our energy system.
What is Wind Energy?
The moving air is called the wind which is caused by the difference in air pressure present in our atmosphere. The air moves from a high-pressure area to a low-pressure area. The higher the pressure difference between two areas the faster the wind flows.
What are Offshore and Onshore Winds?
The wind that flows from land toward the sea is referred to as Offshore while the wind that flows from the sea toward the land is referred to as Onshore wind.
Uses Of Wind Energy
- Generating Electricity
- Wind Surfing
- Pumping Water
- kite Surfing
- Reducing Carbon footprint
Benefits Of Wind Energy
- The wind is the most abundant form of energy available for power generation.
- It is the cleanest and most environment-friendly renewable source of energy.
- It is the most crucial form of renewable energy source that will never get depleted.
- It is the fastest-growing means of electricity production.
- It also helps to fight global warming and climate change.
- It is the purest form of energy as it is not dependent on fossil fuels.
Global Wind Report 2023: A Summary
The Global Wind Report 2023, published by the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), provides a comprehensive overview of the state of the wind industry worldwide. The report covers the latest trends, developments, challenges, and opportunities in the global wind market, as well as the outlook for the future. GWEC is an international organization established in 2005 with the aim to provide an authentic representative forum for the whole energy sector across the world.
According to the report, the global wind capacity reached 1,020 GW by the end of 2022, an increase of 12% from the previous year. The report also highlights that wind power accounted for 8.5% of the global electricity generation in 2022, up from 7.8% in 2021.
The report identifies five key drivers for the growth of wind power in 2022:
- The increasing competitiveness of wind power compared to fossil fuels and other renewable energy sources
- The rising demand for clean and reliable electricity in emerging markets and developing countries
- The growing awareness and support for climate action and energy transition among governments, businesses, and consumers
- The innovation and diversification of wind technologies, products, and services
- The resilience and adaptability of the wind industry amid the COVID-19 pandemic and its aftermath
The report also analyzes the regional and national performance of the wind industry in 2022, highlighting the achievements and challenges of each market. The report shows that China remained the largest wind market in 2022, adding 72 GW of new capacity and reaching a total of 370 GW. The United States followed with 18 GW of new capacity and a total of 155 GW. Europe added 17 GW of new capacity and reached a total of 250 GW, with Germany, Spain, France, and the UK leading the way. India added 6 GW of new capacity and reached a total of 50 GW. Other notable markets include Brazil (4 GW), Vietnam (3 GW), Australia (2 GW), and South Africa (2 GW).
The report also provides a forecast for the global wind market for the period 2023-2030, based on three scenarios: low, medium, and high. The low scenario assumes a slow recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, low policy ambition, and limited investment. The medium scenario assumes a moderate recovery from the pandemic, moderate policy ambition, and moderate investment. The high scenario assumes a rapid recovery from the pandemic, high policy ambition, and high investment.
According to the report, under the low scenario, the global wind capacity would reach 1,400 GW by 2030, with an average annual growth rate of 4%. Under the medium scenario, the global wind capacity would reach 1,800 GW by 2030, with an average annual growth rate of 6%. Under the high scenario, the global wind capacity would reach 2,300 GW by 2030, an average annual growth rate of 9%.
The report concludes that wind power is a key solution for achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 and meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement. The report calls for more ambitious policies and actions from governments, regulators, investors, and other stakeholders to accelerate the deployment of wind power and unlock its full potential.
Wind Energy Sector Scope in India
- The Government has set the goal of installing 5GW and 30GW of offshore capacity by 2022 and 2030 respectively.
- More than 1.4 GW of wind was installed in India in the year 2021that was more than the 1.1GW of installation in the previous year.
- India has the capacity to generate 127 GW of offshore wind energy with its coastline of 7,600 Km but India has yet to Produce its offshore wind energy facility.
- Presently India has total wind installed capacity of 39.25 GW stands out to be the fourth highest in the world.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Q1. Which state in India is the largest producer of wind energy
Ans- Gujrat is the largest producer of wind energy in India.
Q2. What is the name of the largest wind farm in India?
Ans- Muppandal wind farm developed by Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency.
Q.3. Which Country is referred to as the Country of wind
Ans- Denmark is referred to as a country of wind. It is the most wind energy-producing country per capita.
Q4. What rank does India hold in wind Energy production?
Ans- India holds 4th rank across the world.
Q5. Which is the world’s largest Wind Farm
Ans. The Gansu wind farm in China is the world’s largest wind farm.
Q6. Which Country is the World leader in wind energy?
Ans. China is the world leader in wind energy having one-fourth of the world’s wind energy capacity.
Q7. Which Country is referred to as the city of the windmill
Ans-The Netherlands is called a city of windmills but it produces very less wind power.
Q8. Which rank the does US hold in the production of wind energy?
Ans. The US holds the second rank in the production of wind energy.
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