World Space Week (WSW) 2022

World Space Week (WSW), which runs from October 4–10 each year, was established by the UN General Assembly in 1999. Throughout the world, science and technology are celebrated during World Space Week for their positive effects on society.

Why space week is celebrated from Oct 4-10 each year?

It is celebrated on these dates because two significant events occurred on these dates.

  • On October 4, 1957: Orbit exploration was made possible by the launch of Sputnik 1, the first Earth satellite built by humans, into space.
  • On October 10, 1967: The Treaty on the Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, came into effect.

The theme of world space week 2022

The theme of World Space Week 2022 is “Space and Sustainability,” with an emphasis on attaining sustainability from space as well as in space The relationship between space sustainability and human use of space, particularly the orbital zone surrounding the Earth, serves as the inspiration for the theme.

Objectives of World Space Week

  • give special weightage for space outreach and education
  • Inform people everywhere about the advantages that they obtain from space
  • Increase space utilization for sustainable economic development.
  • Explain public support for space programs.
  • Inspire youngsters about math, science, and technology.
  • Promote worldwide cooperation in space outreach and education.

What is space?

Space is everything in the cosmos that is above the level of the Earth’s atmosphere, including the Moon, Mars, other stars, the Milky Way, black holes, and far-off quasars. The pressure in space is incredibly low, and it is practically completely devoid of matter. Because the molecules in space are too far apart for sound to travel between them, sound cannot travel through space.

 The huge distance in space is measured in “light years”. 1 light year is the distance light travelled in a year i.e around 5.8 trillion miles or 9.3 trillion kilometers.

Outer space is typically believed to begin at the Kármán line, which is 100 kilometers (62 miles) above sea level, from our Earth. This is a hypothetical boundary located at an altitude where there isn’t much air to breathe or light to scatter.

How World Space Week is celebrated?

Space agencies, aerospace firms, educational institutions, planetariums, museums, and astronomy clubs all over the world hold space education and outreach activities throughout World Space Week. The public and media pay more attention to these timed space activities.

UNOOSA – UN’s Office for Outer Space Affairs

The United Nations has understood that life in space adds a new dimension to human existence from the beginning of the Space Age. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) is the UN department in charge of encouraging global cooperation in space exploration for peaceful purposes. UNOOSA acts as the secretariat for the United Nations Body on the Peaceful Applications of Outer Space, the only committee of the General Assembly dedicated only to international cooperation in the peaceful uses of space (COPUOS).

The UN Register of Objects Launched into Outer Space is maintained by UNOOSA, which is also in charge of carrying out the Secretary-General’s responsibilities under international space law.

Frequently asked question

1. When was the first artificial satellite placed into orbit around the earth?

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics launched “Sputnik-1,” the first artificial satellite, into Earth orbit on October 4, 1957.

Sputnik-1 satellite

2. When was the first animal sent into orbit around the Earth?

“Laika” the dog orbits the Earth on NOVEMBER 3, 1957, proving that humans and other living things can survive a rocket launch into space.

Laika Dog

3. What is the first spacecraft to orbit the Sun at escape velocity?

Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach escape velocity and orbit the Sun, was launched by the Soviet Union on January 2, 1959.

Luna 1 satellite

4. When was the first weather satellite launched successfully?

The first Earth observation satellite, TIROS-1, broadcasts back images of the planet on April 1, 1960, giving meteorologists a potent new tool for weather forecasting.

TIROS-1 satellite

5. Which year did the first manned space mission launch?

The first space explorer in the world, Yuri Gagarin of the Soviet Union, orbited the Earth in “Vostok 1” on APRIL 12, 1961.

Yuri Gagarin

6. When was the first communications satellite launched into earth’s orbit?

The Telstar-1 satellite, developed by engineers in the United States, United Kingdom, and France, is launched into low Earth orbit on JULY 10, 1962, and it transmits radio and television transmissions across the Atlantic.

The Telstar-1 satellite

7. When did the first woman orbit the Earth?

The first woman in space is Soviet Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, who enters into Earth orbit aboard “Vostok 6” on JUNE 16, 1963, for a three-day mission.

Valentina Tereshkova

8. When was the First geostationary satellite launched?

On August 19, 1964, Telecommunications satellite Syncom-3 successfully launches into the geostationary satellite orbit appearing to be fixed in space above the Equator. Using it, the United States was able to watch live television coverage of the 1964 Olympic Games in Tokyo, Japan.

Syncom-3 satellite

9. Which cosmonaut perform the first space walk?

The first-ever “spacewalk” is performed by Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on March 18, 1965. Before joining his crewmate Pavel Belyayev on the “Voskhod 2” spacecraft, Leonov spends twelve minutes in the harsh vacuum of space.

Alexei Leonov

10. What are the names of the first people to walk on the moon?

American astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step foot on a celestial body on July 21, 1969, with Edwin Aldrin Jr, the Apollo 11 crew explored the lunar surface for two and a half hours.

Neil Armstrong
Edwin Aldrin

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