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World Day for International Justice, also known as the Day of International Criminal Justice or International Justice Day, is an international day observed on July 17 to recognize the emerging system of international criminal justice. The treaty that established the International Criminal Court was signed on July 17, 1998. On 1 June 2010, at the Rome Statute Review Conference in Kampala (Uganda), the Assembly of State Parties decided to mark 17 July as International Criminal Justice Day.
Every year, people all over the world use this day to promote international criminal justice, particularly support for the International Criminal Court.
History of World Day for International Justice
The 17th of July is designated as World Day for International Justice because it commemorates the adoption of the Rome Statute in 1998. The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established with the help of this treaty. Since that day in 1998, approximately 139 countries have signed the Court’s treaty, and nearly 80 States, representing every region of the world, have ratified it.
What exactly is the International Criminal Court?
It is the first permanent and independent international judicial institution capable of trying individuals accused of the most serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, including genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. When several states adopted a statute in Rome, the International Criminal Court (ICC) was born. This statue is known as the International Criminal Court’s Rome Statute. Let us clarify that the ICC does not replace national courts, but it is available when a country is unable or unwilling to conduct investigations and prosecute perpetrators.
What is the significance of World Day for International Justice?
This day is observed because it is essential to raise public awareness and unity in support of justice, as well as to promote victims’ rights. This day also draws people from all over the world to focus on serious issues. It also protects people from various crimes and warns those who endanger the nation’s peace, security, and well-being.
Celebrations on the International Justice Day
Various events are being held around the world to commemorate this day and to support the International Criminal Court (ICC). This day is also promoted by a number of news outlets, newspapers, and radio stations. Several organizational groups draw people’s attention to specific issues such as violence against women, genocide, and so on.
As a result, World Day for International Justice is observed on 17 July each year to highlight the importance of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and to draw attention to serious crimes committed around the world.
The theme of World Day for International Justice 2023
“Overcoming Barriers and Unleashing Opportunities for Social Justice” is the theme for World Day for International Justice 2023.
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